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基于闪光红外热波探测的积冰界线识别算法研究

勾一 李清英 刘森云

勾一,李清英,刘森云. 基于闪光红外热波探测的积冰界线识别算法研究[J]. 实验流体力学,2022,36(X):1-7 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20220017
引用本文: 勾一,李清英,刘森云. 基于闪光红外热波探测的积冰界线识别算法研究[J]. 实验流体力学,2022,36(X):1-7 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20220017
GOU Y,LI Q Y,LIU S Y. Flash infrared thermal wave detection of Ice surface edge[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2022,36(X):1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20220017
Citation: GOU Y,LI Q Y,LIU S Y. Flash infrared thermal wave detection of Ice surface edge[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2022,36(X):1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20220017

基于闪光红外热波探测的积冰界线识别算法研究

doi: 10.11729/syltlx20220017
基金项目: 结冰与防除冰重点实验室开放课题(IADL20200201)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    勾一:(1998—),女,吉林长春人,硕士研究生。研究方向:飞机防除冰与红外热波检测。通信地址:上海市松江区龙腾路333号上海工程技术大学航空运输学院(201620)。E-mail:gouyi98@126.com

    通讯作者:

    E-mail:liqy_2013@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V248.1

Flash infrared thermal wave detection of Ice surface edge

  • 摘要: 积冰探测是保障飞行安全的重要手段,是飞机防除冰领域关注的重要问题。本文基于红外热波探测技术,探讨针对红外热波序列图的积冰界线(包括外部界线、内部界线)的识别方法。搭建了闪光红外热波探测系统,采用自制规则积冰样件和带内部界线的积冰样件开展了积冰界线探测实验。运用基于一阶微分算子和二阶微分算子的传统算法对样件进行积冰界线识别,并提出了高斯-拉普拉斯金字塔算法和面积滤波算法相结合的积冰界线识别新算法,讨论了新算法识别积冰界线的可行性。实验与图像数据处理结果表明,传统算法可以成功识别积冰外部界线,但无法准确识别积冰阶跃型内部界线;新算法可以有效识别积冰界线,但图像噪音高于传统算法。新算法在检测不规则积冰内部界线方面具有一定优势。
  • 图  1  积冰探测实验设备及样件

    Figure  1.  Ice accretion detection experimental equipment and samples

    图  2  积冰样件红外热序图主成分分析结果

    Figure  2.  The results of principal component analysis of infrared heat sequence diagram of ice samples

    图  3  圆型积冰样件传统边缘检测结果

    Figure  3.  Traditional edge detection results of round ice samples

    图  4  圆型阶跃型积冰样件传统边缘检测结果

    Figure  4.  Traditional edge detection results of circular step ice samples

    图  5  方型积冰样件传统边缘检测结果

    Figure  5.  Traditional edge detection results of square ice sample

    图  6  方型阶跃型积冰样件传统边缘检测结果

    Figure  6.  Traditional edge detection results of square step type ice sample

    图  7  算法流程图

    Figure  7.  Algorithm flowchart

    图  8  高斯–拉普拉斯金字塔处理后图像

    Figure  8.  The result of Gauss-Laplace Pyramid after processing

    图  9  改进算法边缘检测结果

    Figure  9.  The result of improved algorithm edge detection

    图  10  圆型阶跃型积冰样件边缘检测结果

    Figure  10.  The result of round step type ice accumulation sample edge detection

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-10
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-07
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-23

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