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冰层中Lamb波传播特性的数值模拟和实验研究

张鸿健 张晏鑫 熊建军 赵照 冉林 易贤

张鸿健, 张晏鑫, 熊建军, 等. 冰层中Lamb波传播特性的数值模拟和实验研究[J]. 实验流体力学, 2023, 37(2): 68-77 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20210170
引用本文: 张鸿健, 张晏鑫, 熊建军, 等. 冰层中Lamb波传播特性的数值模拟和实验研究[J]. 实验流体力学, 2023, 37(2): 68-77 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20210170
ZHANG H J, ZHANG Y X, XIONG J J, et al. Numerical simulation and experimental research of Lamb wave propagation characteristics in ice[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2023, 37(2): 68-77 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20210170
Citation: ZHANG H J, ZHANG Y X, XIONG J J, et al. Numerical simulation and experimental research of Lamb wave propagation characteristics in ice[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2023, 37(2): 68-77 doi: 10.11729/syltlx20210170

冰层中Lamb波传播特性的数值模拟和实验研究

doi: 10.11729/syltlx20210170
基金项目: 国家重大科技专项(J2019-Ⅲ-0010-0054);国家自然科学基金重点项目(12132019)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张鸿健:(1996—),男,福建泉州人,硕士研究生。研究方向:飞机结冰与防除冰。通信地址:四川省绵阳市涪城区二环路南段6号13信箱(621000)。E-mail:zhanghj_96@163.com

    通讯作者:

    E-mail:yixian_2000@163.com

  • 中图分类号: T391.9

Numerical simulation and experimental research of Lamb wave propagation characteristics in ice

  • 摘要: 作为最常用的超声导波之一,Lamb波具有能量集中、传播范围广、沿程衰减小等特点,可以拓展应用于结冰探测领域。为探明Lamb波在冰层中的传播规律,基于Lamb波探冰实验平台构建物理模型,以COMSOL Multiphysics软件为计算工具,数值模拟了不同厚度、不同长度冰层中的Lamb波传播情况。在此基础上,搭建了Lamb波探冰实验平台,开展了无冰铝板和覆冰铝板Lamb波传播实验。结合数值模拟和实验结果,明确了温度、冰层几何特性、液态水对Lamb波传播特性的影响规律。结果表明:温度越低,Lamb波传播群速度越快;在一定冰层厚度范围内,接收端压电片电压幅值衰减量随冰层厚度增大而增大;随着冰层长度增加,接收端Lamb波B1模态时间延迟量线性增大;液态水仅对Lamb波A0模态产生影响,对S0模态影响不大。实验和数值模拟结果具有较好的一致性,为Lamb波结冰探测技术提供了理论参考。
  • 图  1  Lamb波传播模型

    Figure  1.  The propagation model of Lamb wave

    图  2  Lamb波频散曲线

    Figure  2.  The dispersion curve of Lamb wave

    图  3  无冰铝板接收端电压时域波形图

    Figure  3.  The time domain waveform of receiver voltage in aluminum plate

    图  4  无冰铝板接收端仿真信号时频图

    Figure  4.  The time-frequency diagram of simulated signal of receiver in aluminum plate

    图  5  接收端仿真信号波形参数随冰层厚度的变化

    Figure  5.  The variation trend of waveform parameters of simulated signal at receiver with ice thickness

    图  6  接收端仿真信号波形参数随冰层长度的变化

    Figure  6.  The variation trend of waveform parameters of simulated signal at receiver with ice length

    图  7  Lamb波探冰实验平台示意图

    Figure  7.  The schematic diagram of Lamb wave ice detection platform

    图  8  Lamb波探冰实验平台

    Figure  8.  The Lamb wave ice detection platform

    图  9  无冰铝板接收端时域波形图

    Figure  9.  The time domain waveform of receiver voltage in aluminum plate

    图  10  无冰铝板接收端功率谱图

    Figure  10.  The power spectrum of receiver voltage in aluminum plate

    图  11  无冰铝板接收端实测信号时频图

    Figure  11.  The time-frequency diagram of measured signal of receiver in aluminum plate

    图  12  不同温度下无冰铝板接收端时域波形图

    Figure  12.  The time domain waveform of receiver voltage in aluminum plate at different temperatures

    图  13  接收信号波形参数随环境温度的变化

    Figure  13.  The variation trend of received signal waveform parameters with environment temperature

    图  14  不同厚度冰层的实物照片

    Figure  14.  The ice layers with different thickness

    图  15  接收端信号波形参数随冰层厚度的变化

    Figure  15.  The variation trend of signal waveform parameters at receiver with ice thickness

    图  16  不同长度冰层的实物照片

    Figure  16.  The ice layers with different length

    图  17  接收端信号波形参数随冰层长度的变化

    Figure  17.  The variation trend of signal waveform parameters at receiver with ice length

    图  18  液态水负载铝板中的接收端时域波形图

    Figure  18.  The time domain waveform of receiver voltage in aluminum plate loaded with liquid water

    图  19  300 kHz激励频率下Lamb波波结构图

    Figure  19.  The structure diagram of Lamb wave at 300 kHz frequency

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-01
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-13
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-29
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-25

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