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航空发动机中冰晶结冰的研究进展

沈浩 韩冰冰 张丽芬

沈浩, 韩冰冰, 张丽芬. 航空发动机中冰晶结冰的研究进展[J]. 实验流体力学, 2020, 34(6): 1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20190124
引用本文: 沈浩, 韩冰冰, 张丽芬. 航空发动机中冰晶结冰的研究进展[J]. 实验流体力学, 2020, 34(6): 1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20190124
SHEN Hao, HAN Bingbing, ZHANG Lifen. Research progress of the ice crystal icing in aero-engine[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2020, 34(6): 1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20190124
Citation: SHEN Hao, HAN Bingbing, ZHANG Lifen. Research progress of the ice crystal icing in aero-engine[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2020, 34(6): 1-7. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20190124

航空发动机中冰晶结冰的研究进展

doi: 10.11729/syltlx20190124
基金项目: 

结冰与防除冰重点实验室开放课题 IADL20190206

详细信息
    作者简介:

    沈浩(1978-), 男, 江苏启东人, 高级工程师。研究方向:运输类飞机机械系统适航审定。通信地址:上海虹桥机场空港一路128号(200335)。E-mail:shenhao_hdcaac.gov.cn

    通讯作者:

    张丽芬, E-mail: zhanglifen@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: V231.3

Research progress of the ice crystal icing in aero-engine

  • 摘要: 一般认为经过风扇压缩后空气温度高于冰点,压气机内不会发生结冰。然而近年来,国外研究者对若干起发动机推力损失故障的研究表明冰晶能够引起压气机内部结冰,并在试验室中再现了温度高于冰点时压气机内结冰这一现象。我国在航空发动机冰晶结冰研究方面刚刚起步,为准确掌握国内外研究现状,从数值和试验两方面对国内外已开展的压气机内结冰研究进行了分析与总结,讨论了当前冰晶结冰的主要研究成果和存在的局限,提出了开展冰晶结冰研究需重点关注的方向,为我国航空发动机冰晶摄入结冰研究和适航审定研究提供一定参考。
  • 图  1  发动机功率损失和发动机损伤事件发生的高度和温度范围[10]

    Figure  1.  Altitude and temperature of engine power loss and damage events[10]

    图  2  典型的涡轮风扇发动机空气压缩系统图(潜在结冰位置)[11]

    Figure  2.  Schematic of typical turbofan engine compression system with potential ice accretion sites noted[11]

    图  3  NRCC高空测试试验室安装的冰晶测试系统[23]

    Figure  3.  Ice crystal test system installed in the NRCC research altitude test facility[23]

    图  4  给定总压,总温,液态水含量,总水含量和马赫数下的最佳冰晶结冰条件概念曲线[25]

    Figure  4.  Conceptual curve showing optimal ice-crystal icing conditions for a given pt, Tt, LWC, TWC, and Mach number[25]

    图  5  湿球温度为2 ℃时不同中位质量直径冰晶积聚示例[27]

    Figure  5.  Sample accretion for different crystal MMD at Twb =2 ℃[27]

    图  6  无水膜模型和有水膜模型[40]

    Figure  6.  Model without water film and with water film[40]

    图  7  冰晶积冰的2个阶段[36]

    Figure  7.  The two stages of ice crystal icing[36]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-23
  • 修回日期:  2020-01-13
  • 刊出日期:  2020-12-25

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