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壁面剪应力标定方法研究综述

严宇超 姜澄宇 马炳和 薛晓晗 罗剑

严宇超, 姜澄宇, 马炳和, 等. 壁面剪应力标定方法研究综述[J]. 实验流体力学, 2017, 31(2): 20-25. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20170007
引用本文: 严宇超, 姜澄宇, 马炳和, 等. 壁面剪应力标定方法研究综述[J]. 实验流体力学, 2017, 31(2): 20-25. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20170007
Yan Yuchao, Jiang Chengyu, Ma Binghe, et al. Review of the calibration methods and devices for wall shear stress[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2017, 31(2): 20-25. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20170007
Citation: Yan Yuchao, Jiang Chengyu, Ma Binghe, et al. Review of the calibration methods and devices for wall shear stress[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2017, 31(2): 20-25. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20170007

壁面剪应力标定方法研究综述

doi: 10.11729/syltlx20170007
基金项目: 

国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项 2013YQ040911

详细信息
    作者简介:

    严宇超 (1991-), 男, 四川乐山人, 博士研究生。研究方向:微机械制造及微纳米技术。通信地址:陕西省西安市碑林区友谊西路127号西北工业大学462信箱 (710072)。E-mail:yanyuchao@mail.nwpu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    马炳和, E-mail: mabh@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TP212

Review of the calibration methods and devices for wall shear stress

  • 摘要: 流体壁面剪应力的标定是实现该类传感器测量的前提。本文介绍了目前主要的3种壁面剪应力静态标定方法和2种动态标定方法,研究了剪应力基准发生原理、标定装置组成及适用范围。归纳总结了各类标定方法的优势与缺点,为壁面剪应力传感器标定方法的合理选择提供参考。
  • 图  1  平板边界层

    Figure  1.  The boundary layer along a flat plate

    图  2  平板边界层转捩

    Figure  2.  Laminar-turbulent transition on a flat plate

    图  3  动量损失剪应力传感器标定系统

    Figure  3.  The calibration system of wall shear stress sensors

    图  4  管道流动剪应力发生装置

    Figure  4.  Wall shear stress calibration device

    图  5  空气介质的剪应力标定装置示意图

    Figure  5.  Air static wall shear stress calibration device

    图  6  扁形水槽内流体纯剪切流示意图

    Figure  6.  The boundary layer in a thin tunnel

    图  7  微型扁薄水槽剪应力发生装置

    Figure  7.  The micro calibration tunnel of wall shear stress

    图  8  旋转圆轮标定法示意图

    Figure  8.  Rotating wheel wall shear stress calibration device

    图  9  (a) 锥板式标定装置原理图; (b) 静态标定的圆盘示意图; (c) 圆筒式旋转黏度计测量原理; (d) 旋转圆筒-平板标定法示意图

    Figure  9.  (a) Cone-plate wall shear stress calibration device. (b) Disk static calibration device.(c) Coaxial cylinder viscometers measurement device. (d) Rotating cylinder-plat wall shear stress calibration device

    图  10  佛罗里达大学动态标定装置示意图

    Figure  10.  Dynamic wall shear stress calibration device designed by university of Florida

    图  11  佛罗里达大学动态标定装置在恒定振幅激励下的频率响应

    Figure  11.  Plot of the frequency response of the PWT for constant voltage amplitude of speaker excitation

    图  12  动态标定圆盘示意图

    Figure  12.  Disk dynamic calibration device

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-13
  • 修回日期:  2017-02-23
  • 刊出日期:  2017-04-25

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