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流体推力矢量技术研究综述

肖中云 江雄 牟斌 陈作斌

肖中云, 江雄, 牟斌, 等. 流体推力矢量技术研究综述[J]. 实验流体力学, 2017, 31(4): 8-15. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20160207
引用本文: 肖中云, 江雄, 牟斌, 等. 流体推力矢量技术研究综述[J]. 实验流体力学, 2017, 31(4): 8-15. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20160207
Xiao Zhongyun, Jiang Xiong, Mou Bin, et al. Advances influidic thrust vectoring technique research[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2017, 31(4): 8-15. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20160207
Citation: Xiao Zhongyun, Jiang Xiong, Mou Bin, et al. Advances influidic thrust vectoring technique research[J]. Journal of Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, 2017, 31(4): 8-15. doi: 10.11729/syltlx20160207

流体推力矢量技术研究综述

doi: 10.11729/syltlx20160207
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 11572341

详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖中云(1977-), 男, 四川大竹人, 副研究员。研究方向:流动控制。通信地址:四川省绵阳市二环路南段6号13信箱08分箱(621000)。E-mail:scxiaozy@sina.cn

    通讯作者:

    肖中云, E-mail:scxiaozy@sina.cn

  • 中图分类号: V211.3

Advances influidic thrust vectoring technique research

  • 摘要: 流体推力矢量技术不采用机械偏转,以流动控制方式实现推力转向,有望成为一种更加高效的推力矢量控制方法。目前实现流体推力矢量的主要方法有激波矢量法、双喉道方法、逆流控制方法和同向流方法等,对以上方法选择具有共性的计算与试验数据,对喷管的推力矢量效率、推力损失和流量系数进行了对比分析。结果表明激波矢量方法、双喉道方法和逆流方法能够在大落压比范围内(NPR=1.89~10)实现推力矢量控制,并且具有俯仰/偏航耦合甚至多轴控制的潜力。相比激波矢量法和逆流方法,双喉道和同向流方法在减少推力损失和提高矢量效率上占有优势,不足之处是双喉道方法对喉道进行控制限制了流量系数,而同向流方法的适用落压比范围受到严重限制。为寻求更加高效的矢量喷管技术,国内外相继发展了多种新概念流体推力矢量方法,对每种方法的控制原理、潜在优势和存在的问题挑战进行了探讨,新方法着眼于从喷流出口下游进行控制,对主流的干扰很小,值得深入研究,同时也为流体推力矢量的下一步研究方向提供了借鉴参考。
  • 图  1  几种主要流体推力矢量方法的控制原理

    Figure  1.  Principles of several fluidic thrust vectoring methods

    图  2  3种控制方法的推力系数比较

    Figure  2.  Comparison of thrust coefficients for three control methods

    图  3  双喉道方法与激波矢量法的推力矢量效率比较

    Figure  3.  Comparison of thrust vectoring efficiencies between DTN and SVC

    图  4  双喉道方法与激波矢量法的流量系数比较

    Figure  4.  Comparison of discharge coefficients between DTN and SVC

    图  5  合成射流控制的涡量云图

    Figure  5.  Vorticity contour of synthetic jet flow control

    图  6  合成射流控制射流偏转

    Figure  6.  Jet vectoring caused by synthetic jet

    图  7  双主流合成作用的Coanda效应喷管[39]

    Figure  7.  Coanda effect nozzle with two streams synthetic jet[39]

    图  8  引射效应导致射流摇摆

    Figure  8.  Jet swing caused by pumping effect

    表  1  3种流体推力矢量控制方法的比较

    Table  1.   Comparison of three fluidic thrust vectoring methods

    控制方法 矢量效率 推力系数 流量系数 缺点
    激波法 <3.3°/1% 0.86~0.94 >0.95 推力损失大
    双喉道法 (3.4~5.2)°/1% 0.92~0.96 0.78~0.88 流量系数低
    逆流方法 >5°/1% 0.92~0.97 >0.95 系统复杂
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-22
  • 修回日期:  2017-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2017-08-25

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